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14 Jun 2023

HyResponder Course Material - Part 1

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Considerations for creating a hydrogen training program across Europe

All First Responders

This is a guide to the course material, and an overview of the learning outcome of each unit. The actual lessons are downloadable right here on CTIF.org, as PDFs and also printable for those who prefer to learn on paper.

Where there is videos to guide the students to visual learning, we will show a window to the uploaded videos to watch here on CTIF.org. There will also be URL links in the lessons, and QR codes for the printable versions, leading students to the videos which go with each unit. 

The embedded videos below were created in Belgium for the Belgian Ministry of Home Affairs and were translated and made into English versions, especially for the benefit of CTIF. They are to be seen as an example of what a fire academy or training facility can do with this basic material.  

HyResponder Logo

Watch Video Learning Webinars:
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What is hydrogen used for?

Hydrogen - Properties & Risks - What is Hydrogen Used For? - Storage and Transportation - E- Laboratory

Watch the first video of the training package produced in Belgium 

 

Intro: European Emergency Response Guide for Hydrogen

Below you will find the new, downloadable European Hydrogen Emergency Response Guide (EERG)  The EERG will be referred to in almost every learning section. All other learning material will be downloadable inside each course unit as the student goes along.

Unit 1: First Responder Safety

 

PicturePicture

Objective: 

This unit is about an outline of the main approaches of hydrogen safety engineering and knowledge of hydrogen’s specific properties to facilitate in making appropriate decisions at the scene of an accident.

Credit value: 0.2

Guided learning hours: 2

 

Essential resources:

Localised resources. European Emergency Response Guide hydrogen dangers and specific tools Fire and Rescue Operational Sequence. 

Lecture 1: Introduction to hydrogen safety for responders (This will be replaced by a downloadable file

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation:

To pass this unit, the trainee needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria determine the standard required to achieve the unit.

Learning outcomes diagram

 

Unit 2: Hydrogen Properties

Credit value: 0.2

Guided learning hours: 2

 

 

Photo of a hydrogen transport truckEssential Resources: 

European Emergency Response Guide gaseous and liquid hydrogen fuel cells. Lecture 2: Properties of hydrogen relevant to safety

Video Available 12

 

To pass this unit, the trainee needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria determine the standard required to achieve the unit.

 

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation

Learning outcomes diagram

 

Unit 3: Storage Arrangements

Credit value: 0.2

Guided learning hours: 2

 

Objective:

This unit is about hydrogen storage options – compressed, liquefied and in solid materials, as well as hazards and safety issues associated with them. Specifically catastrophic rupture of the vessels is introduces along with online tools which may be used.

 

Essential resources:

Localised resources and European Emergency Response Guide Hydrogen Dangers Electrolysers. Hydrogen storage Video Available 3-16-17

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation

To pass this unit, the trainee needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria determine the standard required to achieve the unit.

 

Photo of hydrogen storage

 

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation:

 

Learning outcomes diagram

 

Unit 4: Hydrogen Interactions

Credit value: 0.2

Guided learning hours: 2

 

This unit is an overview of how hydrogen interacts with different types of materials and hydrogen permeation with relevance to hydrogen storage technologies.

 

Hydrogen dangers:

Odourless, colourless, tasteless, non-toxic, non-corrosive, highly flammable

 

Asphyxiation

Pressure

Pressurised up to 700 bar. Liquid to gas phase change 1 to 845

 

Noise

Gaseous hydrogen leak produces a noise that can reach 130-140dB

 

Embrittlement

Hydrogen is the smallest molecule of all known elements

 

Cryogenic

At ambient pressure, liquid hydrogen must be kept a 20.3°K (-252.85°C/-423.13ºF). Instantaneous cold burns.

 

Combustion

 

Essential resources

Localised resources and European Emergency Response Guide Fuel Cells. Compatibility of hydrogen with different materials.  

Video Available 4

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation

To pass this unit, the trainee needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria determine the standard required to achieve the unit.

 

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation

 

Learning outcomes diagram

 

Unit 5: Liquefied Releases

Credit value: 0.2

Guided learning hours: 2

 

 

Objective:

This unit is about providing sufficient knowledge and the potential hazards of liquefied hydrogen to assist responders to understand the properties and behaviour of liquefied hydrogen.

 

BLEVE illustration

 

Essential resources:

Localised resources and European Emergency Response Guide Liquid Hydrogen Fuel Cells. Safety of liquefied hydrogen Video Available 2

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation

To pass this unit, the trainee needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria determine the standard required to achieve the unit.

 

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation:

 

Learning outcomes diagram

 

Unit 6: Threats for people and property

Credit value: 0.2

Guided learning hours: 2

 

 

Objective:

This unit is about the impact of hydrogen leaks, fires and explosions on the health and environment of humans. It also considers the damage to structures and equipment caused by hydrogen fires and overpressure events.

 

Essential resources:

Localised resources and European Emergency Response Guide (Unit 9 Hazard distances). Harm criteria for people and property

 

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation:

To pass this unit, the trainee needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria determine the standard required to achieve the unit.

 

Learning outcomes diagram

 

Hydrogen hazards for humans

 

Unit 7: Ignited Releases and Prevention

Credit value: 0.2

Guided learning hours: 2

 

 

Photo of burning gas

Objective:

This unit is about understanding hydrogen releases and mixing of escaped gas with air creating fire and explosion hazards associated with the escape of compressed gaseous hydrogen stored at high pressures at systems and infrastructure.

 

Essential resources:

Localised resources and European Emergency Response Guide. Fuel Cells. Ignition sources and prevention of ignition. Video Available 6- 9

 

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation:

To pass this unit, the trainee needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria determine the standard required to achieve the unit.

Learning outcomes diagram

 

 

Unit 8: Unignited Releases

Credit value: 0.2

Guided learning hours: 2

 

Objective:

This unit is about providing an overview of hydrogen ignition incidents and mechanisms.

Photo of an unignited hydrogen gas cloud

 

Essential resources:

Localised resources and European Emergency Response Guide Fuel Cells. Unignited hydrogen releases outdoors and their mitigation Video Available 11

 

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation:

To pass this unit, the trainee needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria determine the standard required to achieve the unit.

Learning outcomes diagram

 

Unit 9: Hazard Distances

Credit value: 0.2

Guided learning hours: 2

 

 

Objective:

This unit is focused on ignited hydrogen releases with useful terminology to allow a classification of different types of hydrogen fires is provided.

 

3D rendering of hazard distances for a hydrogen car on fire

 

Essential resources:

Localised resources and European Emergency Response Guide Nomograms Stand Alone Tank fire. Under vehicle fire Damage to Building.  Hazard distances from hydrogen flames and firefighting

 

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation

To pass this unit, the trainee needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria determine the standard required to achieve the unit.

 

Learning outcomes diagram

 

Unit 10: Explosions

Credit value: 0.2

Guided learning hours: 2

 

 

Objective:

This unit is about ‘chemical’ explosions, i.e. deflagrations and detonations, and ‘physical explosions’, i.e. tank ruptures.

Photo of a ruptured hydrogen tank

 

Essential resources:

There are no special resources needed for this unit.

Dealing with hydrogen explosions

Video Available 19

 

Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria and Explanation

To pass this unit, the trainee needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria determine the standard required to achieve the unit.

 

Learning outcomes diagram